American Toad Fact Sheet

American Toad

Genus:

Rhinella
Species:

Americanus

Size:

2 to 4 inches long with females being slightly larger than males

Life Span: Capable of living up to 40 years

Reproduction:

Breeding occurs in March or April. Approximately 2,000 to 20,000 eggs are laid by each female

Range:

Found throughout almost all of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, and its range extends north into central Canada and south into Mexico

Habitat:

Forests and meadows, common in gardens and agricultural fields

Diet:

Carnivorous as adults, eating insects and other invertebrates

Description:

Short legs, stout bodies, thick skin with noticeable red or yellow warts. Skin can range from brown to red with light patches of olive or gray

Facts: 

  • One American toad can eat up to 1,000 insects every day.
  • The main predators to American toads are snakes.  The Eastern hognose snake relies primarily on toads for their diet.  Other snakes, such as garter snakes, are immune from the poisons excreted by toads.
  • Toads drink by absorbing water through an area on their lower abdomen called a seat patch.
  • Contrary to popular belief, you will not develop warts if you touch a toad.